ADL Feature Type Thesaurus, Alphabetic Term List, 10/03/01

abyssal features
UF: abyssal hills

abyssal plains
BT: seafloor features

abyssal hills
USE: abyssal features

abyssal plains
USE: abyssal features

academies
USE: educational facilities

accelerators
USE: research facilities

access areas
USE: recreational facilities

access sites
USE: recreational facilities

adits (mine sites)
SN: A nearly horizontal passage from the surface in a mine. [WWWebster Dictionary]
USE: mine sites

administrative areas
UF: administrative divisions
buffer zones
civil areas
concession areas
demilitarized zones
districts
free trade zones
leased areas (government)
leased zones (government)
prefectures
protectorates
sheikdoms
sultanates
trade zones
NT: military areas
parks
political areas
populated places
postal areas
reference locations
reserves
school districts
statistical areas
territorial waters
tribal areas

administrative divisions
USE: administrative areas

adminstrative facilities
USE: buildings

agricultural colonies
USE: populated places

agricultural facilities
USE: agricultural sites

agricultural reserves
USE: agricultural sites
reserves

agricultural schools
USE: educational facilities

agricultural sites
UF: agricultural facilities
agricultural reserves
bailing stations
banana plantations
barns
cattle dipping tanks
corrals
cotton plantations
croplands
cultivated areas
cultivated croplands
dairies
farms
farmsteads
feedlots
fields
granges
irrigated fields
nurseries
oil palm plantations
orchards
pastures
plantations
ranches
rice fields
rubber plantations
sheepfolds
sisal plantations
stockyards
sugar plantations
tea plantations
vineyards
BT: manmade features

ahus
USE: mountain summits

air force bases
USE: military areas

air routes
USE: transportation features

airbases
USE: airport features

airfields
USE: airport features

airport features
UF: airbases
airfields
airports
airstrips
landing fields
landing strips
runways
BT: transportation features
NT: heliports
seaplane bases

airports
USE: airport features

airstrips
USE: airport features

alluvial fans
UF: fans (alluvial)
BT: physiographic features
RT: deltas
floodplains

amphibious bases
USE: seaplane bases

amphitheaters
USE: performance sites

amphitheatres
USE: performance sites

amusement parks
BT: recreational facilities

anabranches
USE: streams

anchorages
USE: harbors

ancient sites
USE: archaeological sites

anclajes
SN: anchorages
USE: harbors

animal pounds
USE: buildings

animal shelters
USE: buildings

antenna field sites
USE: telecommunication features

anticlines
UF: domes (physiographic)
BT: folds (geologic)
RT: mountains

apartment blocks
USE: residential sites

apartment houses
USE: residential sites

aprons (geological)
USE: physiographic features

aquacultural sites
USE: fisheries

aquariums
USE: buildings

aquatic centers
USE: sports facilities

aqueducts
SN: A structure designed to transport water from a remote source, usually by gravity. [USGS Circ 1048]
BT: transportation features
RT: canals

aquifers
SN: An underground geological formation, or group of formations, containing water. Are sources of groundwater for wells and springs. [EPA Terms of Environment]
BT: hydrographic features

arboretums
USE: parks

archaeological centers
USE: research facilities

archaeological sites
SN: For ancient structures still largely intact and remains of ancient structures; also includes active excavations. [Lib of Congress, Thesaurus of Graphic Materials I ]
UF: ancient sites
archeological sites
burial caves
cliff dwellings
petroglyphs
pyramids
BT: historical sites
RT: monuments
paleontological sites
research facilities

archeological sites
USE: archaeological sites

arches (natural formation)
SN: A naturally occurring curved structure that supports the weight of material over space. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: natural bridges
sea arches
BT: natural rock formations

archipelagos
BT: islands

archive buildings
USE: library buildings

archives
USE: library buildings

Arctic land
USE: tundras

arenas
USE: sports facilities

aretes
USE: ridges

army facilities
USE: military areas

arroyos
UF: coulees
gullies
wadi bends
wadi junctions
wadi mouths
wadis
washes
BT: physiographic features
RT: canyons
valleys

arrugados
USE: seafloor features

arsenals
USE: military areas

art galleries
USE: museum buildings

artificial islands
USE: offshore platforms

artillery ranges
USE: military areas

asphalt lakes
USE: basins

astronomical stations
SN: A point on the earth whose position has been determined by observations of celestrial bodies [NIMA]
USE: reference locations

asylums
USE: medical facilities

athletic complexes
USE: sports facilities

athletic fields
USE: sports facilities

atolls
USE: islands

atomic centers
USE: research facilities

auditoriums
USE: performance sites

backwaters
USE: wetlands

badlands
SN: An area characterized by a maze of very closely spaced, deep, narrow, steep-sided ravines, and sharp crests and pinnacles. [NIMA]
BT: physiographic features
RT: barren lands
canyons
deserts

bahias
USE: bays

bailing stations
USE: agricultural sites

bajadas
USE: deserts

ball parks
USE: sports facilities

banana plantations
USE: agricultural sites

banks (commercial)
USE: commercial sites

banks (hydrographic)
UF: stream banks
BT: physiographic features
RT: levees

banks (seafloor)
USE: seafloor features

barns
USE: agricultural sites
buildings

barracks
USE: military areas
residential sites

barrancas
USE: canyons

barren lands
SN: Places composed of bare rock, sand, gravel, or other earthen material with little or no vegetation and having limited ability to support life. [USGS Circ 1048]
BT: biogeographic regions
RT: badlands
deserts

barrier reefs
USE: reefs

barrios
USE: countries, 3rd order divisions

bars (physiographic)
SN: A natural accumulation of sand, gravel, or other material forming an underwater or exposed embankment. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: quicksand areas
sandbars
shoals
spits
BT: physiographic features
RT: bends (river)
islands
rapids
reefs

baseball fields
USE: sports facilities

bases (military)
USE: military areas

basins
SN: A bowl-shaped depression in the surface of the land or ocean floor. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: asphalt lakes
depressions
pans (geologic)
BT: physiographic features
NT: storage basins
RT: bays
cirques
craters
drainage basins
lakes
mineral deposit areas
playas
synclines
valleys

battle grounds
USE: historical sites

battle sites
USE: historical sites

battlefields
USE: historical sites

bayous
USE: wetlands

bays
SN: A water area that is an inlet of the sea/ocean. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: bahias
coves
embayments
BT: hydrographic features
NT: fjords
RT: basins
bights
channels
estuaries
gulfs
wetlands

beach ridges
USE: ridges

beaches
SN: The gently sloping shore that is washed by waves, usually composed of sand and pebbles. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: sandy areas
strands
BT: physiographic features
RT: coastal zones
dunes

beacons
USE: reference locations

beaver dams
USE: habitats

beaver ponds
USE: lakes

bench marks
USE: reference locations

benches (natural)
USE: ledges

benches (seafloor)
USE: seafloor features

bends (river)
SN: The land within the curve of a stream sometimes including the course of the stream. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: river bends
BT: rivers
RT: bars (physiographic)

berms
USE: levees

bights
SN: A wide gentle curve or indentation of the coast, commonly between two headlands. [A dictionary of the natural environment, by Monkhouse and Small]
BT: physiographic features
RT: bays
capes

biogeographic regions
UF: biomes
ecoregions
vegetation
BT: regions
NT: barren lands
deserts
forests
grasslands
habitats
jungles
oases
shrublands
snow regions
tundras
wetlands
RT: physiographic features

biomes
USE: biogeographic regions

blast furnaces
USE: industrial sites

blowholes
USE: physiographic features

blowouts
SN: A small depression in sandy terrain, caused by wind. [NIMA]
USE: physiographic features

bluffs
USE: cliffs

boardwalks
USE: recreational facilities

boat houses
USE: marinas

boat landings
USE: hydrographic structures

boat launches
USE: hydrographic structures

boat ramps
USE: hydrographic structures

boat yards
USE: harbors

boathouses
USE: marinas

boatyards
USE: harbors

bodies of water
USE: hydrographic features

bogs
USE: wetlands

border posts
USE: buildings

borderlands (continental margins)
USE: continental margins

boroughs
USE: countries, 2nd order divisions

botanical gardens
USE: parks

bottomlands
SN: Low-lying alluvium-covered floodplain along a river valley. [Monkhouse & Small: Dictionary of the Natural Environment]
USE: floodplains

boulder fields
USE: physiographic features

boundaries
USE: reference locations

boundary markers
USE: reference locations

bowls (performance)
USE: performance sites

breakwaters
SN: Structure built to break the force of waves or to restrain or direct current so as to protect a breach, harbor, or other waterfront facility. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: moles (structural)
seawalls
BT: hydrographic structures
RT: coastal zones
harbors
levees

breweries
USE: commercial sites

bridges
SN: A structure erected over a depression or obstacle to carry traffic. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: covered bridges
drawbridges
overpasses
trestles
viaducts
BT: transportation features

brooks
USE: streams

buffer zones
USE: administrative areas

buildings
SN: A permanent construction that is roofed and usually walled. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: adminstrative facilities
animal pounds
animal shelters
aquariums
barns
border posts
cabins
castles
city halls
civic centers
club houses
coast guard stations
commissaries
community centers
community houses
conference facilities
consulates
convention centers
customs houses
customs posts
depots
embassy buildings
exhibition buildings
facilities
facility centers
fire stations
firehouses
forest stations
government buildings
guard stations
halls
headquarters
hostels
hotels
houses
inns
inspection stations
legation buildings
lodges
missions
motels
neighborhood centers
offices
park headquarters
patrol posts
pavilions
planetariums
plazas
police posts
public buildings
ranger stations
restaurants
shelters
shops
stations
structures
student unions
studios
substations
taverns
town halls
trading posts
treatment plants
United States Government establishments
visitor centers
walls
warehouses
BT: manmade features
NT: capitol buildings
commercial sites
court houses
institutional sites
library buildings
museum buildings
post office buildings
research facilities
residential sites
RT: military areas
storage structures

buoys
USE: reference locations

burial caves
USE: archaeological sites

burns (hydrographic)
USE: streams

burying grounds
USE: cemeteries

bushes
USE: shrublands

business centers
USE: commercial sites

buttes
USE: mesas

cabins
USE: buildings

cableways
SN: A conveyor system in which carrier units run on wire cables strung between supports. [USGS Circ 1048]
BT: transportation features

cadastral areas
UF: township and range areas
BT: regions
RT: land parcels

cairns
USE: landmarks

calderas
USE: craters

campgrounds
USE: camps

camping sites
USE: camps

camps
UF: campgrounds
camping sites
logging camps
oil camps
refugee camps
RV parks
trailer parks (recreational)
BT: recreational facilities
RT: military areas

camps (military)
USE: military areas

campuses
USE: educational facilities

canal bends
USE: canals

canal tunnels
USE: tunnels

canalized streams
USE: canals

canals
SN: Manmade waterway used by watercraft or for drainage, irrigation, mining, or water power.
UF: canal bends
canalized streams
ditch mouths
ditches
drainage canals
drainage ditches
drains (channels)
flumes (manmade)
irrigation canals
irrigation ditches
irrigation systems
laterals
navigation canals
underground irrigation canals
BT: hydrographic structures
RT: aqueducts
channels
locks
transportation features
tunnels

canneries
USE: industrial sites

cantons
USE: countries, 1st order divisions

canyons
SN: For valleys between precipitous walls. [ Lib of Congress Thesaurus of Graphic Materials I ]
UF: barrancas
chasms
flumes (natural)
gorges
gulches
quebradas
ravines
BT: valleys
RT: arroyos
badlands
cliffs
submarine canyons

capes
SN: A projection of land extending into a body of water that prominently marks a change in or interrupts the coastal trend of that water body. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: headlands
peninsulas
points (physiographic)
promontories
BT: physiographic features
RT: bights

capitals
UF: county seats
national capitals
state capitals
BT: cities
RT: capitol buildings

capitol buildings
BT: buildings
RT: capitals

caravan routes
USE: roadways
transportation features

carillons
USE: towers

cascades
USE: waterfalls

casinos
USE: recreational facilities

castles
USE: buildings
fortifications

cataracts
USE: waterfalls

catchments
USE: drainage basins

cathedrals
USE: religious facilities

cattle dipping tanks
USE: agricultural sites

causeways
USE: roadways

cave entrances
USE: caves

caverns
USE: caves

caves
SN: A naturally formed, subterranean open area or chamber. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: cave entrances
caverns
grottoes
natural tunnels
underground lakes
BT: physiographic features

cays
USE: islands

cement plants
USE: industrial sites

cemeteries
SN: An area of land for burying the dead with two or more graves. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: burying grounds
grave sites
graves
graveyards
mausoleums
memorial gardens
sepulchers
tombs
BT: manmade features
RT: historical sites
monuments

census areas
BT: statistical areas

cerros
USE: mountains

channels
SN: Linear deep part of a body of water through which the main volume of water flows and is frequently used as a route for watercraft.
UF: chutes (hydrographic)
cutoffs (hydrographic)
inlets
lake channels
marine channels
narrows (hydrographic)
navigation channels
reaches (hydrographic)
sounds (bodies of water)
straits
BT: hydrographic features
RT: bays
canals
guts
rivers

chapels
USE: religious facilities

chapparal areas
USE: shrublands

chart regions
BT: map regions

chasms
USE: canyons

childrens homes
USE: residential sites

chotts
USE: playas

chrome mines
USE: mine sites

churches
USE: religious facilities

chutes (hydrographic)
USE: channels

cienagas
USE: wetlands

cirques
SN: A horseshoe-shaped, steep-walled valley head caused by glacial erosion. [Kearey, Dict of Geology]
UF: cwms
BT: physiographic features
RT: basins

cisterns
USE: storage structures

cities
SN: An incorporated populated place such as a village, city, town, borough, or hamlet, and includes an independent city. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: municipalities
towns
urban areas
BT: populated places
NT: capitals
RT: Metropolitan Statistical Areas

city halls
USE: buildings

civic centers
USE: buildings

civil areas
USE: administrative areas

claims (land)
USE: land parcels

clearings
USE: grasslands

clefts
USE: cliffs

cliff dwellings
USE: archaeological sites

cliffs
SN: A high vertical, near-vertical, or overhanging face of rock, earth, or ice. [USGS Circ. 1048]
UF: bluffs
clefts
escarpments
precipices
scraps
BT: physiographic features
RT: canyons
ledges
ridges

climatic regions
BT: regions

clinics
USE: medical facilities

club houses
USE: buildings

clubs (recreational)
USE: recreational facilities

coal fields
USE: mineral deposit areas

coal mines
USE: mine sites

coalfields
USE: mineral deposit areas

coast guard stations
USE: buildings

coastal plains
USE: coastal zones

coastal zones
UF: coastal plains
coasts
intertidal zones
offshore areas
shorelines
shores
BT: regions
RT: beaches
breakwaters
continental margins

coasts
USE: coastal zones

coconut groves
USE: woods

coliseums
USE: performance sites

colleges
USE: educational facilities

collieries
SN: A coal mine and its connected buildings. [WWWebster Dictionary]
USE: mine sites

cols
USE: gaps

commemorative areas
USE: parks

commercial sites
UF: banks (commercial)
breweries
business centers
companies
malls
marketplaces
markets
shopping centers
shopping malls
stores
wineries
BT: buildings
NT: industrial sites

commissaries
USE: buildings

commons
USE: parks

commonwealths
SN: A nation, state, or other political unit: as a : one founded on law and united by compact or tacit agreement of the people for the common good. A state of the U.S. -- used officially of Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia. An association of self-governing autonomous states more or less loosely associated in a common allegiance (as to the British crown). A political unit having local autonomy but voluntarily united with the U.S. -- used officially of Puerto Rico and of the Northern Mariana Islands. [WWWebster Dictionary}
USE: political areas

communes
USE: populated places

communication centers
USE: telecommunication features

communities
USE: populated places

community centers
USE: buildings

community houses
USE: buildings

companies
USE: commercial sites

compressor stations
USE: pipelines

concert halls
USE: performance sites

concession areas
USE: administrative areas

condominiums
USE: residential sites

cones (geological)
USE: physiographic features

conference facilities
USE: buildings

confluences
USE: streams

conservation areas
USE: reserves

consulates
USE: buildings

continental divides
BT: mountains

continental margins
UF: borderlands (continental margins)
continental rises
continental shelves
continental slopes
platforms (continental margins)
shelf edges (ocean)
shelves, continental
BT: seafloor features
RT: coastal zones

continental rises
USE: continental margins

continental shelves
USE: continental margins

continental slopes
USE: continental margins

continents
BT: land regions

control points
USE: reference locations

convalescent centers
USE: medical facilities

convention centers
USE: buildings

convents
USE: religious facilities

cooper works
USE: industrial sites

copper mines
USE: mine sites

coral reefs
BT: reefs

cordilleras
USE: mountains

corrals
USE: agricultural sites

correctional facilities
UF: detention camps
detention centers
detention homes
honor camps
honor farms
jails
juvenile facilities
labor camps
penal camps
penal farms
penitentiaries
prisons
reformatories
BT: institutional sites

corridors
USE: transportation features

cotton gins
USE: industrial sites

cotton plantations
USE: agricultural sites

coulees
USE: arroyos

counties
USE: countries, 2nd order divisions

countries
UF: nations
republics
BT: political areas

countries, 1st order divisions
SN: First-order division of a nation. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: cantons
first-order administrative divisions
provinces
states
territories
BT: political areas

countries, 2nd order divisions
SN: Second-order division of a nation such as parish, borough, county, municipio, or judicial division, and independent cities in Maryland, Missouri, Nevada, and Virginia. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: boroughs
counties
judicial divisions
municipios
parishes
second-order administrative divisions
BT: political areas

countries, 3rd order divisions
UF: barrios
precincts
third-order administrative divisions
townships
BT: political areas

countries, 4th order divisions
UF: fourth-order administrative divisions
BT: political areas

country clubs
USE: recreational facilities

country houses
USE: housing areas

county seats
USE: capitals

court houses
UF: courthouses
municipal courts
BT: buildings

courthouses
USE: court houses

covered bridges
USE: bridges

covered reservoirs
USE: reservoirs

coves
USE: bays

crags
USE: natural rock formations

crater lakes
USE: lakes
volcanic features

craters
UF: calderas
BT: physiographic features
RT: basins
volcanoes

creeks
USE: streams

crevasses
USE: physiographic features

croplands
USE: agricultural sites

crossings
USE: transportation features

cuestas
USE: ridges

cultivated areas
USE: agricultural sites

cultivated croplands
USE: agricultural sites

currents
USE: ocean currents

customs houses
USE: buildings

customs posts
USE: buildings

cutoffs (hydrographic)
USE: channels

cwms
SN: Welsh name for a cirque.
USE: cirques

dairies
USE: agricultural sites

dam sites
SN: An area including a dam and associated structures functioning to control the flow or raise the level of water. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: dams
spillways
sub-surface dams
weirs
BT: hydrographic structures
RT: levees

dams
USE: dam sites

data collection facilities
UF: meteorological stations
satellite stations
BT: research facilities
RT: launch facilities
reference locations
research areas

deep-sea trenches
USE: ocean trenches

deeps (ocean)
USE: ocean trenches

defiles
USE: gaps

deltas
BT: hydrographic features
RT: alluvial fans
estuaries

demilitarized zones
USE: administrative areas

demonstration areas
USE: reserves

dependent political entities
USE: political areas

depots
USE: buildings
transportation features

depressions
USE: basins

deserts
SN: A region rendered barren or partially barren by environmental extremes, especially by low rainfall. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: bajadas
rock deserts
sandy areas
sandy deserts
stony deserts
BT: biogeographic regions
RT: badlands
barren lands
dunes
oases

detention camps
USE: correctional facilities

detention centers
USE: correctional facilities

detention homes
USE: correctional facilities

diatomite mines
USE: mine sites

dikes (manmade)
USE: levees

dispensaries (medical)
USE: medical facilities

disposal sites
SN: An area where refuse is dumped. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: dumps
incinerators
landfills
mine dumps
refuse disposal sites
sanitary landfills
scrap yards
slag heaps
tailing ponds
tailings
waste disposal sites
wrecking yards
BT: manmade features
RT: mine sites
waterworks

distilleries
USE: industrial sites

distributaries
USE: streams

districts
USE: administrative areas

ditch mouths
USE: canals

ditches
USE: canals

dock yards
USE: harbors

docking basins
USE: harbors

docks
USE: piers

dockyards
USE: harbors

domes (physiographic)
USE: anticlines

dormitories
USE: residential sites

dragways
USE: sports facilities

drainage basins
SN: The area of land that drains water, sediment, and dissolved materials to a common outlet at some point along a stream channel. [EPA Terms of Environment]
UF: catchments
headwaters
watersheds
BT: hydrographic features
RT: basins
floodplains
streams

drainage canals
USE: canals

drainage ditches
USE: canals

drains (channels)
SN: An artificial channel for carrying off excess water [A Dictionary of the natural environment]
USE: canals

drawbridges
USE: bridges

drives
USE: roadways

drumlins
SN: An elongated hill or ridge of glacial drift. [Amer. Heritage Dictionary]
BT: ridges
RT: glacier features

dry docks
USE: harbors

dry lakes
USE: lakes

dry stream beds
USE: historical sites
streams

dumps
USE: disposal sites

dunes
SN: Hills of sand piled up by the wind. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: interdune troughs
sandy areas
BT: physiographic features
RT: beaches
deserts

dwellings
USE: housing areas

dykes (geologic)
USE: volcanic features

earthquake features
BT: tectonic features
RT: faults
folds (geologic)

ecological research sites
UF: LTERs
BT: research areas

economic regions
BT: regions

ecoregions
USE: biogeographic regions

eddies
USE: hydrographic features

educational facilities
UF: academies
agricultural schools
campuses
colleges
military schools
schools
seminaries
training centers
universities
BT: institutional sites
RT: library buildings
research facilities

electric plants
USE: power generation sites

elevators (agricultural)
USE: storage structures

embankments
USE: levees

embassy buildings
USE: buildings

embayments
USE: bays

environmental areas
USE: reserves

equestrian centers
USE: sports facilities

escarpments
USE: cliffs

eskers
USE: ridges

estates
USE: land parcels

estuaries
SN: Region of interaction between rivers and near-shore ocean waters, where tidal action and river flow mix fresh and salt water. Such areas include bays, mouths of rivers, salt marshes, and lagoons. These brackish water ecosystems shelter and feed marine life, birds, and wildlife. [EPA Terms of Environment]
BT: hydrographic features
RT: bays
deltas
fjords
lakes
wetlands

exhibition buildings
USE: buildings

experiment stations
USE: research facilities

experimental areas
USE: research areas

experimental fields
USE: research areas

facilities
USE: buildings

facility centers
USE: buildings

factories
USE: industrial sites

fairgrounds
USE: recreational facilities

falls
USE: waterfalls

fans (alluvial)
USE: alluvial fans

farms
USE: agricultural sites

farmsteads
USE: agricultural sites

fault zones
UF: grabens
BT: faults

faults
SN: A fracture in the Earth's crust accompanied by a displacement of one side of the fracture with respect to the other. [UGSG Circ 1048]
BT: tectonic features
NT: fault zones
fracture zones
rift zones
RT: earthquake features

feedlots
USE: agricultural sites

fens
USE: wetlands

ferries
USE: transportation features

field campaigns
USE: research areas

fields
USE: agricultural sites
sports facilities

filter plants
USE: waterworks

filtration plants
USE: waterworks

fiords
USE: fjords

fire lookouts
USE: towers

fire stations
USE: buildings

firebreaks
SN: An area cleared of vegetation for the purpose of impeding the progress of a grass or forest fire. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: fuelbreaks
BT: regions

firehouses
USE: buildings

first-order administrative divisions
USE: countries, 1st order divisions

fish farms
USE: fisheries

fish hatcheries
USE: fisheries

fish ponds
USE: lakes

fisheries
UF: aquacultural sites
fish farms
fish hatcheries
hatcheries
trout farms
BT: manmade features

fishing areas
USE: recreational facilities

fishing lodges
USE: recreational facilities

fishponds
USE: lakes

fissures
USE: physiographic features

fitness centers
USE: recreational facilities

fjords
SN: Narrow deep inlets of the sea between cliffs or steep slopes. [Lib of Congress, Thesaurus of Graphic Materials I ]
UF: fiords
lochs
BT: bays
RT: estuaries
guts

flats
SN: A level tract of land. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: sabkhas
BT: physiographic features
RT: mesas
plains
plateaus
playas

flood control basins
USE: storage basins

floodplains
SN: The flat or nearly flat land along a river or stream or in a tidal area that is covered by water during a flood. [EPA Terms of Environment]
UF: bottomlands
BT: hydrographic features
RT: alluvial fans
drainage basins

floodways
USE: storage basins

flumes (manmade)
USE: canals

flumes (natural)
USE: canyons

fluvial features
USE: hydrographic features

folds (geologic)
BT: tectonic features
NT: anticlines
synclines
RT: earthquake features

football fields
USE: sports facilities

foothills
USE: mountains

fords (crossings)
USE: transportation features

forest reserves
USE: forests
reserves

forest stations
USE: buildings

forested wetlands
USE: wetlands

forests
UF: forest reserves
national forests
BT: biogeographic regions
NT: petrified forests
rain forests
woods

forges
USE: industrial sites

forks (physiographic features)
USE: streams
valleys

fortifications
SN: General term for any works made to oppose a small number of troops against a greater. [AAT]
UF: castles
forts
moats (manmade)
redoubts
stockades
BT: manmade features
RT: military areas

forts
USE: fortifications
military areas

fossilized forests
USE: petrified forests

foundaries
USE: industrial sites

fourth-order administrative divisions
USE: countries, 4th order divisions

fracture zones
BT: faults
RT: seafloor features

free trade zones
USE: administrative areas

freely associated states
USE: political areas

fringing reefs
USE: reefs

fuel depots
USE: transportation features

fuelbreaks
USE: firebreaks

fumaroles
USE: thermal features

furnaces (industrial)
USE: industrial sites

furrows
USE: physiographic features

gaging stations
SN: A site on a stream, lake, reservoir or other body of water where direct systematic observations of hydrologic data are obtained. [Water Resources Center, College of Agriculture, Univ. of Arizona, Glossary of Water Terms]
BT: hydrographic structures

galleries
USE: museum buildings

game management areas
USE: reserves

gaps
SN: A low point or opening between mounts or in a ridge. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: cols
defiles
passes
saddles (physiographic)
sills (physiographic)
BT: physiographic features
RT: valleys

garages
USE: parking sites

gardens
USE: parks

gas fields
USE: oil fields

gas pipelines
USE: pipelines

gas-oil separation plants
USE: industrial sites

gasfields
USE: oil fields

gates (manmade)
USE: transportation features

generating centers
USE: power generation sites

generation sites
USE: power generation sites

geodectic stations
USE: reference locations

geographic centers
USE: reference locations

geological features
USE: physiographic features

geysers
SN: Eruptive spring from which hot water and/or steam and in some cases mud are periodically thrown.
USE: thermal features

glacier features
SN: Body or stream of ice moving outward and downslope from an area of accumulation; an area of relatively permanent snow or ice on the top or side of a mountain or mountainous area.
UF: glaciers
nunataks
BT: ice masses
RT: drumlins
moraines

glaciers
USE: glacier features

glades
USE: grasslands

glens
USE: valleys

gold mines
USE: mine sites

golf clubs
USE: sports facilities

golf courses
USE: sports facilities

gorges
USE: canyons

government buildings
USE: buildings

grabens
USE: fault zones

grades (physiographic)
USE: physiographic features

granges
USE: agricultural sites

grasslands
SN: An extensive noncultivated area where vegetation is dominated by grasses or grass-like plants. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: clearings
glades
grazing areas
meadows
pampas
prairies
savannahs
savannas
BT: biogeographic regions

grave sites
USE: cemeteries

gravel pits
USE: mine sites

graves
USE: cemeteries

graveyards
USE: cemeteries

grazing areas
USE: grasslands

grist mills
USE: industrial sites

grottoes
USE: caves

groves
USE: woods

guard stations
USE: buildings

guest houses
USE: housing areas

gulches
USE: canyons

gulfs
BT: hydrographic features
RT: bays

gullies
USE: arroyos

gun clubs
USE: recreational facilities

guts
SN: A narrow natural passage or contracted strait connecting two bodies of water where no flow can be determined. [USGS Circ 1048]. A narrow channel opening into the sea or a large estuary, esp. in E. USA. [Monkhouse & Small: Dictionary of the Natural Environment]
BT: hydrographic features
RT: channels
fjords
rivers
streams
wetlands

guyots
USE: seamounts

gymnasiums
USE: sports facilities

habitats
UF: beaver dams
rookeries
BT: biogeographic regions
RT: reserves

halls
USE: buildings

halting places (transportation)
USE: transportation features

hamlets
USE: populated places

hammocks
USE: physiographic features

hanging valleys
USE: valleys

harbors
SN: A sheltered area of water where ships or other watercraft can anchor or dock.
UF: anchorages
anclajes
boat yards
boatyards
dock yards
docking basins
dockyards
dry docks
harbours
marine terminals
moorings
ports
roadsteads (anchorages)
turning basins
BT: hydrographic structures
NT: marinas
RT: breakwaters
piers
transportation features

harbours
USE: harbors

hatcheries
USE: fisheries

headlands
USE: capes

headquarters
USE: buildings

headwaters
USE: drainage basins

health facilities
USE: medical facilities

heaths
USE: shrublands

helibases
USE: heliports

helipads
USE: heliports

heliports
UF: helibases
helipads
helistops
BT: airport features

helistops
USE: heliports

hermitages
USE: housing areas

highway maintenance sites
USE: transportation features

highways
USE: roadways

hills
USE: mountains

historic sites
USE: historical sites

historical landmarks
USE: historical sites

historical markers
USE: historical sites

historical parks
USE: historical sites

historical sites
UF: battle grounds
battle sites
battlefields
dry stream beds
historic sites
historical landmarks
historical markers
historical parks
lake beds
massacre sites
ruins
wreck sites
wrecks
BT: manmade features
NT: archaeological sites
RT: cemeteries
landmarks
monuments
parks

hogbacks
USE: ridges

holes (seafloor)
USE: seafloor features

hollows
USE: valleys

homes
USE: residential sites

homesteads
USE: populated places

honor camps
USE: correctional facilities

honor farms
USE: correctional facilities

hospitals
USE: medical facilities

hostels
USE: buildings

hot springs
USE: thermal features

hotels
USE: buildings

houses
USE: buildings
housing areas

housing areas
UF: country houses
dwellings
guest houses
hermitages
houses
housing developments
huts
neighborhoods (residential)
subdivisions
BT: residential sites

housing developments
USE: housing areas

hunt posts
USE: recreational facilities

hunting lodges
USE: recreational facilities

hunting reserves
USE: reserves

huts
USE: housing areas

hydroelectric power stations
USE: power generation sites

hydrographic features
UF: bodies of water
eddies
fluvial features
marine features
overfalls
upwellings
water bodies
waterholes
whirlpools
NT: aquifers
bays
channels
deltas
drainage basins
estuaries
floodplains
gulfs
guts
ice masses
lakes
seas
streams
thermal features
RT: hydrographic structures
oases

hydrographic structures
UF: boat landings
boat launches
boat ramps
sluices
water mills
BT: manmade features
NT: breakwaters
canals
dam sites
gaging stations
harbors
levees
offshore platforms
piers
reservoirs
waterworks
RT: hydrographic features
seaplane bases
transportation features
wells

hydrothermal vents
BT: seafloor features

ice fields
USE: ice masses

ice masses
UF: ice fields
ice patches
ice sheets
icebergs
icecap depressions
icecap domes
icecaps
icefalls
BT: hydrographic features
NT: glacier features
RT: snow regions

ice patches
USE: ice masses

ice sheets
USE: ice masses

ice skating rinks
USE: recreational facilities

icebergs
USE: ice masses

icecap depressions
USE: ice masses

icecap domes
USE: ice masses

icecap ridges
USE: ridges

icecaps
USE: ice masses

icefalls
USE: ice masses

incinerators
USE: disposal sites

inclines
USE: physiographic features

independent political entities
USE: political areas

indian reservations
USE: tribal areas

indian reserves
USE: tribal areas

industrial areas
USE: industrial sites

industrial parks
USE: industrial sites

industrial sites
SN: A group of associated strutures functioning as a unit used for refining a material or manufacturing a product. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: blast furnaces
canneries
cement plants
cooper works
cotton gins
distilleries
factories
forges
foundaries
furnaces (industrial)
gas-oil separation plants
grist mills
industrial areas
industrial parks
limekilns
mill sites
mills
millsites
munitions plants
oil refineries
olive oil mills
ore treatment plants
phosphate works
plants (industrial)
processing plants
refineries
sawmills
smelters
sugar mills
sugar refineries
tank farms
whaling stations
BT: commercial sites
NT: power generation sites

infantry camps
USE: military areas

infirmaries
USE: medical facilities

inland seas
USE: lakes

inlets
USE: channels

inns
USE: buildings

inspection stations
USE: buildings

institutes
USE: institutional sites

institutional sites
SN: A group of buildings or associated structures functioning as a unit used predominantly for educational. correctional, governmental, medical, or religious purposes. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: institutes
institutions
BT: buildings
NT: correctional facilities
educational facilities
medical facilities
religious facilities
RT: research facilities

institutions
USE: institutional sites

interdune troughs
USE: dunes

interfluves
USE: plains

intermittent lakes
USE: lakes

intermittent oxbow lakes
USE: lakes

intermittent ponds
USE: lakes

intermittent pools
USE: lakes

intermittent reservoirs
USE: reservoirs

intermittent salt lakes
USE: lakes

intermittent salt ponds
USE: lakes

intermittent streams
USE: streams

intermittent wetlands
USE: wetlands

intersections
USE: roadways

intertidal zones
USE: coastal zones

iron mines
USE: mine sites

irrigated fields
USE: agricultural sites

irrigation canals
USE: canals

irrigation ditches
USE: canals

irrigation systems
USE: canals

island arcs
USE: islands

islands
UF: atolls
cays
island arcs
isles
islets
keys (islands)
land-tied islands
mangrove islands
BT: land regions
NT: archipelagos
RT: bars (physiographic)

isles
USE: islands

islets
USE: islands

isthmuses
SN: A narrow strip of land, bordered on both sides by water that connects two larger land areas. [USGS Circ 1048]
BT: physiographic features

jails
USE: correctional facilities

jetties
USE: piers

judicial divisions
USE: countries, 2nd order divisions

jungles
SN: Denotes generally impenetrable tropical forests with dense tangled undergrowth of grasses, vines, shrubs, and trees. [AAT]
BT: biogeographic regions
RT: rain forests

juvenile facilities
USE: correctional facilities

karst areas
BT: physiographic features

kavirs
USE: playas

keys (islands)
USE: islands

knolls
USE: mountains

labor camps
USE: correctional facilities

laboratories
USE: research facilities

lagoons
USE: lakes

laguna
USE: lakes

lake beds
USE: historical sites
lakes

lake channels
USE: channels

lake districts
USE: land regions

lake regions
USE: land regions

lakes
UF: beaver ponds
crater lakes
dry lakes
fish ponds
fishponds
inland seas
intermittent lakes
intermittent oxbow lakes
intermittent ponds
intermittent pools
intermittent salt lakes
intermittent salt ponds
lagoons
laguna
lake beds
lochs
millponds
oxbow lakes
ponds
pools (water bodies)
salt evaporation ponds
salt lakes
salt ponds
tarns
BT: hydrographic features
RT: basins
estuaries
reservoirs
wetlands

land grants
USE: land parcels

land parcels
SN: A tract or plot of the Earth's surface distinguishable by ownership. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: claims (land)
estates
land grants
lots (land parcels)
tracts
RT: cadastral areas

land regions
UF: lake districts
lake regions
BT: regions
NT: continents
islands
subcontinents

land-tied islands
USE: islands

landfills
USE: disposal sites

landing fields
USE: airport features

landing strips
USE: airport features

landmarks
UF: cairns
BT: manmade features
RT: historical sites
monuments

landslides
USE: physiographic features

laterals
USE: canals

launch facilities
SN: An area from which rockets/missiles may be housed and projected, usually equipped with associated buildings and facilities. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: missile sites
BT: manmade features
RT: data collection facilities
reference locations
research areas

lava areas
USE: lava fields

lava fields
UF: lava areas
BT: volcanic features

lead mines
USE: mine sites

leased areas (government)
USE: administrative areas

leased zones (government)
USE: administrative areas

ledges
SN: A projecting horizontal, shelf-like mass of rock on a mountain- or cliff-side. [Monkhouse & Small, A dictionary of the natural environment]
UF: benches (natural)
BT: physiographic features
RT: cliffs

legation buildings
USE: buildings

leper colonies
USE: residential sites

leprosariums
USE: medical facilities

levees
SN: Natural or manmade embankments flanking rivers or streams. [Lib of Congress, Thesaurus of Graphic Materials I].
UF: berms
dikes (manmade)
embankments
revetments
BT: hydrographic structures
RT: banks (hydrographic)
breakwaters
dam sites
piers

libraries
USE: library buildings

library buildings
UF: archive buildings
archives
libraries
BT: buildings
RT: educational facilities

light houses
USE: reference locations

light stations
USE: reference locations

lighthouses
USE: reference locations

limekilns
USE: industrial sites

llanos
USE: plains

locales
USE: populated places

localities
USE: populated places

lochs
USE: fjords
lakes

locks
SN: An enclosure used to raise or lower vessels as they pass from one level to another. [USGS Circ 1048]
BT: transportation features
RT: canals

lodes (mineral)
USE: mineral deposit areas

lodges
USE: buildings

logging camps
USE: camps

lookout (vista)
USE: parks

lost rivers
USE: streams

lots (land parcels)
USE: land parcels

LTERs
USE: ecological research sites

malls
USE: commercial sites

management areas (reserves)
USE: reserves

maneuver areas
USE: military areas

mangrove islands
USE: islands

mangrove swamps
USE: wetlands

manmade features
NT: agricultural sites
buildings
cemeteries
disposal sites
fisheries
fortifications
historical sites
hydrographic structures
landmarks
launch facilities
mine sites
monuments
oil fields
recreational facilities
storage structures
telecommunication features
towers
transportation features
wells
windmills

mansions
USE: residential sites

map quadrangle regions
UF: quadrangle regions
topographic quadrangle regions
BT: map regions

map regions
BT: regions
NT: chart regions
map quadrangle regions
UTM zones

marinas
SN: A harbor facility for recreational craft where supplies, repairs, and various services are available. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: boat houses
boathouses
BT: harbors

marine channels
USE: channels

marine features
USE: hydrographic features

marine parks
USE: parks

marine regions
USE: ocean regions

marine terminals
USE: harbors

markers
USE: reference locations

marketplaces
USE: commercial sites

markets
USE: commercial sites

marshes
USE: wetlands

massacre sites
USE: historical sites

massifs
BT: physiographic features
RT: mountains
plateaus

mausoleums
USE: cemeteries

meadows
USE: grasslands

meander necks
USE: physiographic features

meanders
USE: streams

median valleys
USE: valleys

medical centers
USE: medical facilities

medical facilities
UF: asylums
clinics
convalescent centers
dispensaries (medical)
health facilities
hospitals
infirmaries
leprosariums
medical centers
nursing homes
rehabilitation centers
sanatariums
sanatoriums
veterinary facilities
BT: institutional sites
RT: residential sites

memorial gardens
USE: cemeteries

memorials
USE: monuments

mesas
SN: A flat-topped elevation with steep sides. [Amer. Heritage Dictionary]
UF: buttes
BT: physiographic features
RT: flats
mountains
plains
plateaus

meteorological stations
USE: data collection facilities

metropolitan areas
USE: populated places

Metropolitan Statistical Areas
UF: MSAs
BT: statistical areas
RT: cities
populated places

metrorail stations
USE: railroad features

milestones
USE: reference locations

military areas
UF: air force bases
army facilities
arsenals
artillery ranges
barracks
bases (military)
camps (military)
forts
infantry camps
maneuver areas
military bases
military installations
national guard facilities
naval bases
BT: administrative areas
RT: buildings
camps
fortifications

military bases
USE: military areas

military installations
USE: military areas

military schools
USE: educational facilities

mill sites
USE: industrial sites

millponds
USE: lakes

mills
USE: industrial sites

millsites
USE: industrial sites

mine dumps
USE: disposal sites

mine entrances
USE: mine sites

mine shafts
USE: mine sites

mine sites
SN: An excavation in the Earth for the purpose of extracting Earth materials. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: adits (mine sites)
chrome mines
coal mines
collieries
copper mines
diatomite mines
gold mines
gravel pits
iron mines
lead mines
mine entrances
mine shafts
mines
mining areas
mining camps
nickel mines
open pit mines
placer mines
quarries
salt mines
strip mines
tin mines
BT: manmade features
RT: disposal sites
mineral deposit areas
wells

mineral deposit areas
UF: coal fields
coalfields
lodes (mineral)
petroleum basins
placers
salt deposit areas
BT: physiographic features
RT: basins
mine sites

mineral springs
USE: springs (hydrographic)

mines
USE: mine sites

mining areas
USE: mine sites

mining camps
USE: mine sites

mires
USE: wetlands

missile sites
USE: launch facilities

missions
USE: buildings

moats (manmade)
USE: fortifications

moats (seafloor)
USE: seafloor features

mobile home parks
BT: residential sites

mobile home sites
USE: residential sites

moles (structural)
USE: breakwaters

monasteries
USE: religious facilities
residential sites

monuments
UF: memorials
national monuments
pyramids
shrines
statues
tombs
BT: manmade features
RT: archaeological sites
cemeteries
historical sites
landmarks
parks

moorings
USE: harbors

moors
USE: shrublands

moraines
SN: An accumulation of earth and stones carried and deposited by a glacier. [USGS Circ 1048]
BT: physiographic features
RT: glacier features

mosques
USE: religious facilities

motels
USE: buildings

mounds
USE: mountains

mountain crests
USE: mountain summits

mountain ranges
SN: A chain of mounts. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: ranges (physiographic)
sierra
BT: mountains

mountain summits
UF: ahus
mountain crests
nunataks
peaks
summits
BT: mountains
RT: ridges

mountains
UF: cerros
cordilleras
foothills
hills
knolls
mounds
mounts
BT: physiographic features
NT: continental divides
mountain ranges
mountain summits
ridges
RT: anticlines
massifs
mesas
seamounts
volcanoes

mounts
USE: mountains

MSAs
USE: Metropolitan Statistical Areas

mud flats
USE: wetlands

municipal courts
USE: court houses

municipalities
USE: cities

municipios
USE: countries, 2nd order divisions

munitions plants
USE: industrial sites

museum buildings
UF: art galleries
galleries
museums
BT: buildings

museums
USE: museum buildings

narrows (hydrographic)
USE: channels

natatoriums
USE: sports facilities

national capitals
USE: capitals

national forests
USE: forests
parks

national guard facilities
USE: military areas

national monuments
USE: monuments

national parks
USE: parks

national seashores
USE: parks

nations
USE: countries

natural areas
USE: reserves

natural bridges
USE: arches (natural formation)

natural rock formations
UF: crags
pillars (natural formation)
pinnacles (natural formation)
rock towers
rocks
BT: physiographic features
NT: arches (natural formation)

natural tunnels
USE: caves

nature reserves
USE: reserves

naval bases
USE: military areas

navigation canals
USE: canals

navigation channels
USE: channels

neighborhood centers
USE: buildings

neighborhoods (residential)
USE: housing areas

nickel mines
USE: mine sites

novitiates
USE: religious facilities
residential sites

nuclear power plants
USE: power generation sites

nunataks
SN: Rocks or mountain peaks protruding through glacial ice. [NIMA]
USE: glacier features
mountain summits

nurseries
USE: agricultural sites

nursing homes
USE: medical facilities
residential sites

oases
BT: biogeographic regions
RT: deserts
hydrographic features
springs (hydrographic)

oblasts
USE: political areas

observation points
USE: parks

observation sites
USE: research areas

observatories
USE: research facilities

observatorios
USE: research facilities

ocean currents
UF: currents
BT: oceans

ocean floor features
USE: seafloor features

ocean regions
SN: The great body of salt water of the oceans. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: marine regions
BT: oceans
RT: regions

ocean trenches
SN: The topographic expression of subduction; the large linear depression of the oceanic lithosphere at a subduction zone. [Penguin Dict. of Geology, Kearey]
UF: deep-sea trenches
deeps (ocean)
trenches (seafloor)
troughs (seafloor)
BT: seafloor features
RT: submarine canyons

oceans
SN: One of the major divisions of the vast expanse of salt water covering part of the earth. [NIMA]
BT: seas
NT: ocean currents
ocean regions

offices
USE: buildings

offshore areas
USE: coastal zones

offshore platforms
UF: artificial islands
oil platforms
platforms (offshore)
BT: hydrographic structures
RT: oil fields

oil camps
USE: camps

oil fields
UF: gas fields
gasfields
oilfields
petroleum fields
storage fields (petroleum)
BT: manmade features
RT: offshore platforms
wells

oil palm plantations
USE: agricultural sites

oil pipeline junctions
USE: pipelines

oil pipeline terminals
USE: pipelines

oil pipelines
USE: pipelines

oil platforms
USE: offshore platforms

oil pumping stations
USE: pipelines

oil refineries
USE: industrial sites

oil wells
USE: wells

oilfields
USE: oil fields

olive groves
USE: woods

olive oil mills
USE: industrial sites

open pit mines
USE: mine sites

opera houses
USE: performance sites

orchards
USE: agricultural sites

ore treatment plants
USE: industrial sites

orphanages
USE: residential sites

overfalls
USE: hydrographic features

overpasses
USE: bridges

oxbow lakes
USE: lakes

pagodas
USE: towers

palaces
USE: residential sites

paleontological sites
SN: Sites with notable fossil remains.
BT: research areas
RT: archaeological sites
petrified forests

palm groves
USE: woods

palm tree reserves
USE: reserves

pampas
USE: grasslands

pans (geologic)
USE: basins

parishes
USE: countries, 2nd order divisions

park gates
USE: parks

park headquarters
USE: buildings

parking lots
USE: parking sites

parking sites
SN: A designated area where motor vehicles are set and left temporarily. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: garages
parking lots
BT: transportation features

parks
SN: Place or area set aside for recreation or preservation of a cultural or natural resource and under some form of government administration.
UF: arboretums
botanical gardens
commemorative areas
commons
gardens
lookout (vista)
marine parks
national forests
national parks
national seashores
observation points
park gates
picnic areas
playgrounds
provincial parks
public use areas
recreation areas
rest areas
scenic areas
state forests
state parks
urban parks
village squares
wilderness areas
zoological gardens
zoos
BT: administrative areas
NT: vistas
RT: historical sites
monuments
recreational facilities
reserves
trails

parkways
USE: roadways

parsonages
USE: residential sites

passes
USE: gaps

pastures
USE: agricultural sites

patrol posts
USE: buildings

pavilions
USE: buildings

peaks
USE: mountain summits

peat cutting areas
USE: wetlands

peatlands
USE: wetlands

penal camps
USE: correctional facilities

penal farms
USE: correctional facilities

peninsulas
USE: capes

penitentiaries
USE: correctional facilities

performance sites
UF: amphitheaters
amphitheatres
auditoriums
bowls (performance)
coliseums
concert halls
opera houses
playhouses
recital halls
stages (performance)
symphony halls
theaters
theatres
BT: recreational facilities
RT: sports facilities

petrified forests
UF: fossilized forests
BT: forests
RT: paleontological sites

petroglyphs
USE: archaeological sites

petroleum basins
USE: mineral deposit areas

petroleum fields
USE: oil fields

phosphate works
USE: industrial sites

physical education facilities
USE: sports facilities

physiographic features
UF: aprons (geological)
blowholes
blowouts
boulder fields
cones (geological)
crevasses
fissures
furrows
geological features
grades (physiographic)
hammocks
inclines
landslides
meander necks
pitches (physiographic)
polders
potholes
rockfalls
sinkholes
sinks
siphon (physiographic)
slides (natural)
slopes
talus slopes
terraces (physiographic)
uplands
NT: alluvial fans
arroyos
badlands
banks (hydrographic)
bars (physiographic)
basins
beaches
bights
capes
caves
cirques
cliffs
craters
dunes
flats
gaps
isthmuses
karst areas
ledges
massifs
mesas
mineral deposit areas
moraines
mountains
natural rock formations
plains
plateaus
playas
reefs
seafloor features
tectonic features
valleys
volcanic features
RT: biogeographic regions

picnic areas
USE: parks

piers
SN: Structures to which vessels may be berthed. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: docks
jetties
quays
wharves
BT: hydrographic structures
RT: harbors
levees

pillars (natural formation)
USE: natural rock formations

pine groves
USE: woods

pinnacles (natural formation)
SN: A vertical, standing, often spire-shaped natural rock formation. [USGS Circ 1048]
USE: natural rock formations

pipelines
SN: A tubular conduit of substantial length, with pumps, valves, and control devices, for conveying fluids, gases, or finely divided solids. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: compressor stations
gas pipelines
oil pipeline junctions
oil pipeline terminals
oil pipelines
oil pumping stations
pump houses
pumphouses
pumping stations
water pumping stations
BT: transportation features
RT: waterworks

pistol ranges
BT: sports facilities

pitches (physiographic)
USE: physiographic features

placer mines
USE: mine sites

placers
USE: mineral deposit areas

plains
SN: A region of general uniform slope, comparatively level and of considerable extent. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: interfluves
llanos
BT: physiographic features
RT: flats
mesas
plateaus

planetariums
USE: buildings

plantations
USE: agricultural sites

plants (industrial)
USE: industrial sites

plaques
USE: reference locations

plateaus
SN: An upland with a more or less uniform summit level, sometimes bounded by slopes falling steeply away, sometimes rising by steep slopes to mountain
ridges. [Monkshouse & Small, A Dictionary of the Natural Environment]
UF: table mountains
tablelands
BT: physiographic features
RT: flats
massifs
mesas
plains

platforms (continental margins)
USE: continental margins

platforms (offshore)
USE: offshore platforms

playas
SN: A closed depression in an arid or semi-arid region that is periodically inundated by surface runoff, or the salt flat within such a closed basin. It is derived from the Spanish word for a 'beach' and is thus probably incorrectly used by English-speaking geomorphologists. [Encyc. Dictionary of Physical Geography]
UF: chotts
kavirs
BT: physiographic features
RT: basins
flats
wetlands

playgrounds
USE: parks
recreational facilities

playhouses
USE: performance sites

plazas
USE: buildings

points (physiographic)
USE: capes

polders
SN: A flat, low-lying area of land reclaimed from the sea or a lake by artificial drainage. [Penguin Dict of Geology, Kearey]
USE: physiographic features

poles (sphere)
USE: reference locations

police posts
USE: buildings

political areas
UF: commonwealths
dependent political entities
freely associated states
independent political entities
oblasts
political entities
semi-independent political entities
BT: administrative areas
NT: countries
countries, 1st order divisions
countries, 2nd order divisions
countries, 3rd order divisions
countries, 4th order divisions
RT: reserves

political entities
USE: political areas

polo fields
USE: sports facilities

ponds
USE: lakes

pools (water bodies)
USE: lakes

pools, swimming
USE: sports facilities

populated localities
USE: populated places

populated places
UF: agricultural colonies
communes
communities
hamlets
homesteads
locales
localities
metropolitan areas
populated localities
ppl
pueblos
religious populated places
settlements
suburbs
villages
BT: administrative areas
NT: cities
RT: Metropolitan Statistical Areas

portages
USE: transportation features

ports
USE: harbors

post office buildings
UF: post offices
BT: buildings

post offices
USE: post office buildings

postal areas
UF: zip code areas
BT: administrative areas

potholes
USE: physiographic features

power generation sites
SN: A group of associated structures functioning as a unit used for generating electricity. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: electric plants
generating centers
generation sites
hydroelectric power stations
nuclear power plants
power plants
power stations
powerhouses
solar power generation sites
steam plants
windmill power generation sites
BT: industrial sites

power plants
USE: power generation sites

power stations
USE: power generation sites

powerhouses
USE: power generation sites

ppl
USE: populated places

prairies
USE: grasslands

precincts
USE: countries, 3rd order divisions

precipices
USE: cliffs

prefectures
SN: The district governed by a prefect. [Merriam-Webster Online]
USE: administrative areas

preserves
USE: reserves

primitive areas
USE: reserves

prisons
USE: correctional facilities

processing plants
USE: industrial sites

promenades
USE: trails

promontories
USE: capes

protected areas
USE: reserves

protectorates
USE: administrative areas

provinces
USE: countries, 1st order divisions

provincial parks
USE: parks

proving grounds
USE: research facilities

public buildings
USE: buildings

public use areas
USE: parks

pueblos
USE: populated places

pump houses
USE: pipelines

pumphouses
USE: pipelines

pumping stations
USE: pipelines

pyramids
USE: archaeological sites
monuments

quadrangle regions
USE: map quadrangle regions

quagmires
USE: wetlands

quarries
USE: mine sites

quays
USE: piers

quebradas
USE: canyons

quicksand areas
USE: bars (physiographic)

race tracks
USE: sports facilities

racecourses
USE: sports facilities

racetracks
USE: sports facilities

raceways
USE: sports facilities

radio observatories
USE: research facilities

radio stations
USE: telecommunication features

railroad features
UF: metrorail stations
railroad junctions
railroad sidings
railroad spurs
railroad stations
railroad stops
railroad switches
railroad yards
railways
subway stations
switches (railroad)
tramways
BT: transportation features

railroad junctions
USE: railroad features

railroad sidings
USE: railroad features

railroad spurs
USE: railroad features

railroad stations
USE: railroad features

railroad stops
USE: railroad features

railroad switches
USE: railroad features

railroad tunnels
USE: tunnels

railroad yards
USE: railroad features

railways
USE: railroad features

rain forests
BT: forests
RT: jungles

ramps (seafloor)
USE: seafloor features

ranches
USE: agricultural sites

ranger stations
USE: buildings

ranges (physiographic)
USE: mountain ranges

rapids
SN: An area of swift current in a stream or river, characterized by standing waves or by boulders and rocks. [USGS Circ 1048]
BT: rivers
RT: bars (physiographic)

ravines
USE: canyons

reaches (hydrographic)
USE: channels

recital halls
USE: performance sites

recreation areas
USE: parks

recreation sites
USE: recreational facilities

recreational facilities
UF: access areas
access sites
boardwalks
casinos
clubs (recreational)
country clubs
fairgrounds
fishing areas
fishing lodges
fitness centers
gun clubs
hunt posts
hunting lodges
ice skating rinks
playgrounds
recreation sites
resorts
riding stables
spas
sportsman lodges
stables
yacht clubs
youth centers
youth facilities
BT: manmade features
NT: amusement parks
camps
performance sites
sports facilities
RT: parks

rectories
USE: residential sites

redoubts
USE: fortifications

reefs
SN: A chain of rocks or coral at or near the surface of water. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: barrier reefs
fringing reefs
BT: physiographic features
NT: coral reefs
RT: bars (physiographic)
seafloor features

reference locations
UF: astronomical stations
beacons
bench marks
boundaries
boundary markers
buoys
control points
geodectic stations
geographic centers
light houses
light stations
lighthouses
markers
milestones
plaques
poles (sphere)
triangulation stations
BT: administrative areas
RT: data collection facilities
launch facilities
research areas
towers

refineries
USE: industrial sites

reflectors
USE: research facilities

reformatories
USE: correctional facilities

refugee camps
USE: camps

refuse disposal sites
USE: disposal sites

regions
NT: biogeographic regions
cadastral areas
climatic regions
coastal zones
economic regions
firebreaks
land regions
map regions
research areas
RT: ocean regions

rehabilitation centers
USE: medical facilities

religious centers
USE: religious facilities

religious facilities
UF: cathedrals
chapels
churches
convents
monasteries
mosques
novitiates
religious centers
religious populated places
religious sites
retreats (religious)
sanctuaries (religious)
synagogues
tabernacles
temples
BT: institutional sites

religious populated places
USE: populated places
religious facilities

religious sites
USE: religious facilities

republics
USE: countries

research areas
UF: experimental areas
experimental fields
field campaigns
observation sites
study areas
test sites
BT: regions
NT: ecological research sites
paleontological sites
RT: data collection facilities
launch facilities
reference locations
research facilities

research facilities
UF: accelerators
archaeological centers
atomic centers
experiment stations
laboratories
observatories
observatorios
proving grounds
radio observatories
reflectors
research institutes
scientific research bases
space centers
telescopes
weather stations
BT: buildings
NT: data collection facilities
RT: archaeological sites
educational facilities
institutional sites
research areas

research institutes
USE: research facilities

reservations (indian)
USE: tribal areas

reservations (nature sites)
USE: reserves

reserves
SN: A tract of land set aside for a specific use.
UF: agricultural reserves
conservation areas
demonstration areas
environmental areas
forest reserves
game management areas
hunting reserves
management areas (reserves)
natural areas
nature reserves
palm tree reserves
preserves
primitive areas
protected areas
reservations (nature sites)
roadless areas
sanctuaries (wildlife)
wildlife areas
wildlife refuges
wildlife reserves
BT: administrative areas
RT: habitats
parks
political areas

reservoirs
SN: A constructed basin formed for recreation use, storage, treatment, collection, or processing of water or other liquids. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: covered reservoirs
intermittent reservoirs
BT: hydrographic structures
RT: lakes

residential sites
UF: apartment blocks
apartment houses
barracks
childrens homes
condominiums
dormitories
homes
leper colonies
mansions
mobile home sites
monasteries
novitiates
nursing homes
orphanages
palaces
parsonages
rectories
rowhouses
trailer parks (residential)
villas
BT: buildings
NT: housing areas
mobile home parks
RT: medical facilities

resorts
USE: recreational facilities

rest areas
USE: parks

restaurants
USE: buildings

resthouses
USE: transportation features

retention basins
USE: storage basins

retreats (religious)
USE: religious facilities

revetments
SN: A facing (as of stone or concrete) to sustain an embankment. [WWWebster's Dictionary]
USE: levees

rice fields
USE: agricultural sites

ridges
SN: A long and narrow upland with steep sides. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: aretes
beach ridges
cuestas
eskers
hogbacks
icecap ridges
rises (seafloor)
spurs (physiographic)
BT: mountains
NT: drumlins
RT: cliffs
mountain summits
seafloor features

riding stables
USE: recreational facilities

rifle ranges
USE: sports facilities

rift zones
BT: faults

rios
USE: rivers

riparian areas
USE: wetlands

rises (seafloor)
USE: ridges
seafloor features

river bends
USE: bends (river)

rivers
UF: rios
BT: streams
NT: bends (river)
rapids
waterfalls
RT: channels
guts
springs (hydrographic)

road bends
USE: roadways

road cuts
USE: roadways

road junctions
USE: roadways

road tunnels
USE: tunnels

roadless areas
USE: reserves

roads
USE: roadways

roadsteads (anchorages)
USE: harbors

roadways
SN: An open way for passage of vehicles. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: caravan routes
causeways
drives
highways
intersections
parkways
road bends
road cuts
road junctions
roads
streets
traffic circles
BT: transportation features

rock deserts
USE: deserts

rock towers
USE: natural rock formations

rockfalls
USE: physiographic features

rocks
USE: natural rock formations

rodeo grounds
USE: sports facilities

rookeries
USE: habitats

routes
USE: transportation features

rowhouses
USE: residential sites

rubber plantations
USE: agricultural sites

ruins
USE: historical sites

runways
USE: airport features

RV parks
USE: camps

sabkhas
SN: A broad plain or salt flat in an arid or semi-arid region containing evaporites at a level dependent on the local water table. [Penguin Dict. of Geology, Kearey]
USE: flats

saddles (physiographic)
USE: gaps

salt deposit areas
USE: mineral deposit areas

salt evaporation ponds
USE: lakes

salt lakes
USE: lakes

salt marshes
USE: wetlands

salt mines
USE: mine sites

salt ponds
USE: lakes

sanatariums
USE: medical facilities

sanatoriums
USE: medical facilities

sanctuaries (religious)
USE: religious facilities

sanctuaries (wildlife)
USE: reserves

sandbars
USE: bars (physiographic)

sandy areas
USE: beaches
deserts
dunes

sandy deserts
USE: deserts

sanitary landfills
USE: disposal sites

satellite stations
USE: data collection facilities

savannahs
USE: grasslands

savannas
USE: grasslands

sawmills
USE: industrial sites

scenic areas
USE: parks

school districts
BT: administrative areas

schools
USE: educational facilities

scientific research bases
USE: research facilities

scrap yards
USE: disposal sites

scraps
USE: cliffs

scrublands
USE: shrublands

sea arches
USE: arches (natural formation)

seachannels (seafloor)
USE: seafloor features

seafloor features
UF: arrugados
banks (seafloor)
benches (seafloor)
holes (seafloor)
moats (seafloor)
ocean floor features
ramps (seafloor)
rises (seafloor)
seachannels (seafloor)
shelf valleys (seafloor)
subsea features
tongues (seafloor)
underwater features
BT: physiographic features
NT: abyssal features
continental margins
hydrothermal vents
ocean trenches
seamounts
submarine canyons
RT: fracture zones
reefs
ridges
valleys

seamounts
UF: guyots
tablemounts (seafloor)
BT: seafloor features
RT: mountains

seaplane bases
SN: An installation supporting aircraft capable of taking off and landing on water. [FACC]
UF: amphibious bases
seaplane landing areas
BT: airport features
RT: hydrographic structures

seaplane landing areas
USE: seaplane bases

seas
BT: hydrographic features
NT: oceans

seawalls
USE: breakwaters

second-order administrative divisions
USE: countries, 2nd order divisions

semi-independent political entities
USE: political areas

seminaries
USE: educational facilities

sepulchers
USE: cemeteries

settlements
USE: populated places

sewage treatment plants
USE: waterworks

sheepfolds
USE: agricultural sites

sheikdoms
SN: A region under the rule of a sheikh. [Merriam-Webster Online]
USE: administrative areas

shelf edges (ocean)
USE: continental margins

shelf valleys (seafloor)
USE: seafloor features
valleys

shelters
USE: buildings

shelves, continental
USE: continental margins

ship tracks
USE: transportation features

shoals
USE: bars (physiographic)

shooting ranges
USE: sports facilities

shopping centers
USE: commercial sites

shopping malls
USE: commercial sites

shops
USE: buildings

shorelines
USE: coastal zones

shores
USE: coastal zones

shrines
USE: monuments

shrublands
SN: Areas covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: bushes
chapparal areas
heaths
moors
scrublands
BT: biogeographic regions

sierra
USE: mountain ranges

sills (physiographic)
USE: gaps

sinkholes
USE: physiographic features

sinks
USE: physiographic features

siphon (physiographic)
USE: physiographic features

sisal plantations
USE: agricultural sites

skeet shooting ranges
USE: sports facilities

ski areas
USE: sports facilities

ski facilities
USE: sports facilities

ski trails
USE: sports facilities

slag heaps
USE: disposal sites

slides (natural)
USE: physiographic features

slopes
USE: physiographic features

sloughs
USE: wetlands

slues
USE: wetlands

sluices
USE: hydrographic structures

smelters
USE: industrial sites

snow regions
UF: snowfields
BT: biogeographic regions
RT: ice masses

snowfields
USE: snow regions

solar power generation sites
USE: power generation sites

sounds (bodies of water)
USE: channels

space centers
USE: research facilities

spas
USE: recreational facilities

speedways
USE: sports facilities

spillways
USE: dam sites

spits
USE: bars (physiographic)

sports facilities
UF: aquatic centers
arenas
athletic complexes
athletic fields
ball parks
baseball fields
dragways
equestrian centers
fields
football fields
golf clubs
golf courses
gymnasiums
natatoriums
physical education facilities
polo fields
pools, swimming
race tracks
racecourses
racetracks
raceways
rifle ranges
rodeo grounds
shooting ranges
skeet shooting ranges
ski areas
ski facilities
ski trails
speedways
stadiums
swim clubs
swimming pools
tennis clubs
tennis courts
BT: recreational facilities
NT: pistol ranges
RT: performance sites

sportsman lodges
USE: recreational facilities

springs (hydrographic)
SN: A place where water issues from the ground naturally. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: mineral springs
sulfur springs
BT: streams
RT: oases
rivers

spurs (physiographic)
USE: ridges

stables
USE: recreational facilities

stadiums
USE: sports facilities

stages (performance)
USE: performance sites

state capitals
USE: capitals

state forests
USE: parks

state parks
USE: parks

states
USE: countries, 1st order divisions

stations
USE: buildings

statistical areas
BT: administrative areas
NT: census areas
Metropolitan Statistical Areas

statues
USE: monuments

steam plants
USE: power generation sites

steps (manmade)
USE: trails

stock routes
USE: transportation features

stockades
USE: fortifications

stockyards
USE: agricultural sites

stony deserts
USE: deserts

storage basins
UF: flood control basins
floodways
retention basins
BT: basins

storage fields (petroleum)
USE: oil fields

storage structures
SN: A large container used for storage. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: cisterns
elevators (agricultural)
storage tanks
storehouses
warehouses
water tanks
BT: manmade features
RT: buildings

storage tanks
USE: storage structures

storehouses
USE: storage structures

stores
USE: commercial sites

straits
USE: channels

strands
USE: beaches

stream banks
USE: banks (hydrographic)

stream bends
USE: streams

stream mouths
USE: streams

streams
UF: anabranches
brooks
burns (hydrographic)
confluences
creeks
distributaries
dry stream beds
forks (physiographic features)
intermittent streams
lost rivers
meanders
stream bends
stream mouths
tidal creeks
tributaries
watercourses
BT: hydrographic features
NT: rivers
springs (hydrographic)
RT: drainage basins
guts
wetlands

streets
USE: roadways

strip mines
USE: mine sites

structures
USE: buildings

student unions
USE: buildings

studios
USE: buildings

study areas
USE: research areas

sub-surface dams
USE: dam sites

subcontinents
SN: Land masses of great size but smaller than those generally called continents; also large subdivisions of continents having a certain geographical independence. [AAT]
BT: land regions

subdivisions
USE: housing areas

submarine canyons
BT: seafloor features
RT: canyons
ocean trenches

subsea features
USE: seafloor features

substations
USE: buildings

suburbs
USE: populated places

subway stations
USE: railroad features

sugar mills
USE: industrial sites

sugar plantations
USE: agricultural sites

sugar refineries
USE: industrial sites

sulfur springs
USE: springs (hydrographic)

sultanates
SN: A state or country governed by a sultan. [Merriam-Webster Online]
USE: administrative areas

summits
USE: mountain summits

swamps
USE: wetlands

swim clubs
USE: sports facilities

swimming pools
USE: sports facilities

switches (railroad)
USE: railroad features

symphony halls
USE: performance sites

synagogues
USE: religious facilities

synclines
BT: folds (geologic)
RT: basins

tabernacles
USE: religious facilities

table mountains
USE: plateaus

tablelands
USE: plateaus

tablemounts (seafloor)
USE: seamounts

tailing ponds
USE: disposal sites

tailings
USE: disposal sites

talus slopes
USE: physiographic features

tank farms
USE: industrial sites

tarns
USE: lakes

taverns
USE: buildings

tea plantations
USE: agricultural sites

tectonic features
BT: physiographic features
NT: earthquake features
faults
folds (geologic)

telecommunication features
UF: antenna field sites
communication centers
radio stations
television stations
transmission lines
BT: manmade features
RT: towers

telescopes
USE: research facilities

television stations
USE: telecommunication features

temples
USE: religious facilities

tennis clubs
USE: sports facilities

tennis courts
USE: sports facilities

terminals (transportation)
USE: transportation features

terraces (physiographic)
USE: physiographic features

territorial waters
BT: administrative areas

territories
USE: countries, 1st order divisions

test sites
USE: research areas

theaters
USE: performance sites

theatres
USE: performance sites

thermal features
UF: fumaroles
geysers
hot springs
BT: hydrographic features

third-order administrative divisions
USE: countries, 3rd order divisions

tidal creeks
USE: streams

tidal flats
USE: wetlands

tin mines
USE: mine sites

tombs
USE: cemeteries
monuments

tongues (seafloor)
USE: seafloor features

topographic quadrangle regions
USE: map quadrangle regions

towers
SN: A structure designed primarily with a view to elevation, typically higher than wide. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: carillons
fire lookouts
pagodas
BT: manmade features
RT: reference locations
telecommunication features
windmills

town halls
USE: buildings

towns
USE: cities

township and range areas
USE: cadastral areas

townships
USE: countries, 3rd order divisions

tracts
USE: land parcels

trade zones
USE: administrative areas

trading posts
USE: buildings

traffic circles
USE: roadways

trailer parks (recreational)
USE: camps

trailer parks (residential)
USE: residential sites

trailheads
USE: trails

trails
SN: A cleared path, beaten track, or improved surface, as through woods or wilderness, not usually trafficked by vehicles because of width, seasonal conditions, or access restrictions. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: promenades
steps (manmade)
trailheads
walking paths
BT: transportation features
RT: parks

training centers
USE: educational facilities

tramways
USE: railroad features

transit facilities
USE: transportation features

transmission lines
SN: A system of wires that transmit electrical signals or electricity over distance. [USGS Circ 1048]
USE: telecommunication features

transportation features
UF: air routes
caravan routes
corridors
crossings
depots
ferries
fords (crossings)
fuel depots
gates (manmade)
halting places (transportation)
highway maintenance sites
portages
resthouses
routes
ship tracks
stock routes
terminals (transportation)
transit facilities
BT: manmade features
NT: airport features
aqueducts
bridges
cableways
locks
parking sites
pipelines
railroad features
roadways
trails
tunnels
RT: canals
harbors
hydrographic structures

treatment plants
USE: buildings
waterworks

trees
USE: woods

trenches (seafloor)
USE: ocean trenches

trestles
USE: bridges

triangulation stations
USE: reference locations

tribal areas
UF: indian reservations
indian reserves
reservations (indian)
BT: administrative areas

tributaries
USE: streams

troughs (seafloor)
USE: ocean trenches

trout farms
USE: fisheries

tundras
SN: A treeless, level, or gently rolling plain characteristic of arctic or subarctic regions, having a permanently frozen subsoil, and usually supporting low growing vegetation such as lichens, mosses, and stunted shrubs. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: Arctic land
BT: biogeographic regions

tunnels
SN: An underground or underwater passage. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: canal tunnels
railroad tunnels
road tunnels
BT: transportation features
RT: canals

turning basins
USE: harbors

underground irrigation canals
USE: canals

underground lakes
USE: caves

underwater features
USE: seafloor features

United States Government establishments
USE: buildings

universities
USE: educational facilities

uplands
USE: physiographic features

upwellings
USE: hydrographic features

urban areas
USE: cities

urban parks
USE: parks

UTM zones
BT: map regions

valleys
SN: An elongated depression in the Earth's surface that generally slopes from one end to the other. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: forks (physiographic features)
glens
hanging valleys
hollows
median valleys
shelf valleys (seafloor)
BT: physiographic features
NT: canyons
RT: arroyos
basins
gaps
seafloor features

vegetation
USE: biogeographic regions

veterinary facilities
USE: medical facilities

viaducts
USE: bridges

village squares
USE: parks

villages
USE: populated places

villas
USE: residential sites

vineyards
USE: agricultural sites

visitor centers
USE: buildings

vistas
BT: parks

volcanic features
UF: crater lakes
dykes (geologic)
BT: physiographic features
NT: lava fields
volcanoes

volcanoes
BT: volcanic features
RT: craters
mountains

wadi bends
USE: arroyos

wadi junctions
USE: arroyos

wadi mouths
USE: arroyos

wadis
USE: arroyos

walking paths
USE: trails

walls
USE: buildings

warehouses
USE: buildings
storage structures

washes
USE: arroyos

waste disposal sites
USE: disposal sites

water bodies
USE: hydrographic features

water mills
USE: hydrographic structures

water plants
USE: waterworks

water pumping stations
USE: pipelines

water tanks
USE: storage structures

water treatment plants
USE: waterworks

water wells
USE: wells

water works
USE: waterworks

watercourses
USE: streams

waterfalls
SN: A vertical or nearly vertical descent of water over a step or ledge in the bed of a river. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: cascades
cataracts
falls
BT: rivers

waterholes
USE: hydrographic features

watersheds
USE: drainage basins

waterworks
UF: filter plants
filtration plants
sewage treatment plants
treatment plants
water plants
water treatment plants
water works
BT: hydrographic structures
RT: disposal sites
pipelines

weather stations
USE: research facilities

weirs
USE: dam sites

wells
SN: A pit or hole dug or bored into the Earth for the extraction of oil, water, other fluids or gases. [USGS Circ 1048]
UF: oil wells
water wells
BT: manmade features
RT: hydrographic structures
mine sites
oil fields
windmills

wetlands
SN: An area that is saturated by surface or ground water with vegetation adapted for life under those soil conditions, as swamps, bogs, fens, marshes, and estuaries. [EPA Terms of Environment]
UF: backwaters
bayous
bogs
cienagas
fens
forested wetlands
intermittent wetlands
mangrove swamps
marshes
mires
mud flats
peat cutting areas
peatlands
quagmires
riparian areas
salt marshes
sloughs
slues
swamps
tidal flats
BT: biogeographic regions
RT: bays
estuaries
guts
lakes
playas
streams

whaling stations
USE: industrial sites

wharves
USE: piers

whirlpools
USE: hydrographic features

wilderness areas
USE: parks

wildlife areas
USE: reserves

wildlife refuges
USE: reserves

wildlife reserves
USE: reserves

windmill power generation sites
USE: power generation sites

windmills
SN: A mill or other machine that runs on the energy generated by a wheel of adjustable blades or flats rotated by the wind. [USGS Circ 1048]
BT: manmade features
RT: towers
wells

wineries
USE: commercial sites

woods
UF: coconut groves
groves
olive groves
palm groves
pine groves
trees
BT: forests

wreck sites
USE: historical sites

wrecking yards
USE: disposal sites

wrecks
USE: historical sites

yacht clubs
USE: recreational facilities

youth centers
USE: recreational facilities

youth facilities
USE: recreational facilities

zip code areas
USE: postal areas

zoological gardens
USE: parks

zoos
USE: parks